Pomalidomide for Lenalidomide for Failures


The purpose of this clinical research study is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness (good and bad effects) of pomalidomide given as part of a combination therapy that include more than just steroids to treat subjects with relapsed (subjects whose disease came back) or refractory (subjects whose disease did not respond to past treatment) multiple myeloma (MM).

Pomalidomide (alone or in combination with dexamethasone) has been approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of MM patients who have received at least two prior therapies, including lenalidomide and bortezomib, and have demonstrated disease progression on or within 60 days of completion of their last therapy. However, the use of pomalidomide in combination with other drugs used to treat MM, such as chemotherapeutic agents and proteasome inhibitors, is currently being tested and is not approved. Pomalidomide is in the same drug class as thalidomide and lenalidomide.

Like lenalidomide, pomalidomide is a drug that alters the immune system and it may also interfere with the development of small blood vessels that help support tumor growth. Therefore, in theory, it may reduce or prevent the growth of cancer cells. The testing done with pomalidomide thus far has shown that it is well-tolerated and effective for subjects with MM both on its own and in combination with dexamethasone. Using another drug class, namely proteasome inhibitors, we have demonstrated that simply replacing a proteasome inhibitor with another in an established anti-myeloma treatment regimen can frequently overcome resistance regardless of the other agents that are part of the anti-myeloma regimen. Importantly, the toxicity profile of the new combinations closely resembled that of the proteasome inhibitor administered as a single agent. Based on this experience, we hypothesize that the replacement of lenalidomide with pomalidomide will yield similar results in a similar relapsed/refractory MM patient population.

SparkCures ID 884
Trial Phase Phase 2
Enrollment 45 Patients
Trial Sponsors
  • Oncotherapeutics
Trial Collaborators
  • Celgene Corporation
NCT Identifier


Am I Eligible?

The following criteria is a partial list of reasons why patients may or may not be eligible to participate in this clinical trial. Further evaluation with a medical professional will be required to determine full eligibility.

The following criteria is provided for health care professionals.

Key Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Has a diagnosis of MM based on standard criteria21 as follows:

    • Major criteria:

      1. plasmacytomas on tissue biopsy
      2. bone marrow plasmacytosis (greater than 30% plasma cells)
      3. monoclonal immunoglobulin (Ig) spike on serum electrophoresis IgG greater than 3.5 g/dL or IgA greater than 2.0 g/dL; kappa or lambda light chain excretion greater than 1 g/day on 24 hour urine protein electrophoresis
    • Minor criteria:

      1. bone marrow plasmacytosis (10% to 30% plasma cells)
      2. monoclonal immunoglobulin present but of lesser magnitude than given under major criteria
      3. lytic bone lesions
      4. normal IgM less than 50 mg/dL, IgA less than 100 mg/dL, or IgG less than 600 mg/dL

    Any of the following sets of criteria will confirm the diagnosis of multiple myeloma:

    • any 2 of the major criteria
    • major criterion 1 plus minor criterion 2, 3, or 4
    • major criterion 3 plus minor criterion 1 or 3
    • minor criteria 1, 2, and 3, or 1, 2, and 4
  2. Currently has MM with measurable disease, defined as:

    • a monoclonal immunoglobulin spike on serum electrophoresis of at least 0.5 g/dL and/or
    • urine monoclonal protein levels of at least 200 mg/24 hours
    • for patients without measurable serum and urine M-protein levels, an abnormal free light chain ratio (normal value: 0.26 - 1.65)
  3. Currently has progressive MM that has relapsed while currently receiving or within 6 months of receiving the maximum tolerated dose of lenalidomide at the physician's discretion as part of a combination treatment that includes more than just steroids in a 21-day or a 28-day cycle schedule. MM patients that are relapsed or have refractory disease, as defined below, are both eligible for enrollment provided they fulfill the other eligibility criteria:

    • Patients are refractory to a lenalidomide combination regimen, when they progress while currently receiving the lenalidomide combination treatment or within 8 weeks of its last dose.
    • Patients are considered relapsed, when they progress between 8 and 26- weeks from their last dose of lenalidomide as part of a lenalidomide-combination therapy that includes more than just steroids.
    • Prior treatment with four days or less of a total of 400 mg of prednisone (or an equivalent potency of another steroid) for MM will not be considered a regimen
  4. Able to take aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid, ASA) at 81 or 325 mg /daily as prophylactic anticoagulation (subjects intolerant to ASA may use warfarin or low molecular weight heparin)

Key Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Plasma cell dyscrasia with polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal protein (M-protein) and skin changes (POEMS) syndrome22
  2. Plasma cell leukemia
  3. Primary amyloidosis
  4. Non-hematologic malignancy within the past 5 years with the exception of a) adequately treated basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell skin cancer, or thyroid cancer; b) carcinoma in situ of the cervix or breast; c) prostate cancer of Gleason Grade 6 or less with stable prostate-specific antigen levels; or d) cancer considered cured by surgical resection or unlikely to impact survival during the duration of the study, such as localized transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder or benign tumors of the adrenal or pancreas
  5. Impaired cardiac function or clinically significant cardiac diseases, including myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to enrollment, New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class II or greater heart failure, uncontrolled angina, clinically significant pericardial disease, severe uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmias, echocardiogram or multigated acquisition scan (MUGA) evidence of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) below institutional normal within 28 days prior to enrollment, electrocardiographic evidence of acute ischemia or active conduction system abnormalities. Prior to study entry, any ECG abnormality at Screening has to be documented by the investigator as not medically relevant.
  6. Received the following prior therapy:
    • Pomalidomide
    • Lenalidomide alone or in combination with steroids in their last treatment regimen.¬†Interim therapy not containing lenalidomide between their last lenalidomide-containing regimen and the start of the trial.
    • A melphalan-containing regimen as the immediate prior line of treatment
    • Chemotherapy within 3 weeks of study drugs (6 weeks for nitrosoureas)
    • Corticosteroids (>10 mg /daily prednisone or equivalent) within 3 weeks of study drugs
    • Immunotherapy or antibody therapy as well as thalidomide, lenalidomide, arsenic trioxide or bortezomib within 21 days before study drugs
    • Extensive radiation therapy within 28 days before study drugs. Receipt of localized radiation therapy does not preclude enrollment.
    • Use of any other experimental drug or therapy within 28 days of study drugs
  7. Known hypersensitivity to compounds of similar chemical or biological composition to thalidomide and lenalidomide.
  8. The development of erythema nodosum if characterized by a desquamating rash while taking thalidomide or similar drugs

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