A Phase II Study of Cladribine and Low Dose Cytarabine in Combination With Venetoclax, Alternating With Azacitidine and Venetoclax, in Patients With Higher-risk Myeloproliferative Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia or Higher-risk Myelodysplastic Syndromes With Excess Blasts CLADRIBINE, CYTARABINE AND VENETOCLAX FOR HR-MDS

What's the purpose of this trial?

To learn if the combination of cladribine, cytarabine, venetoclax, and azacitidine can help to control higher-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) with excess blasts and/or higher-risk chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML).

This trial is currently open and accepting patients.

What will happen during the trial?

You may be able to join this trial if you:

The following criteria is a partial list of reasons why patients may be eligible to participate in this clinical trial. Further evaluation with a medical professional is required.

Inclusion Criteria:

1. Age \>/= 18 years.
2. Diagnosis of MDS or CMML by WHO and:

* MDS relapsed cohort (Cohort A): MDS with Int-2 or High risk IPSS and \>5% blasts with no response after 6 cycles of azacitidine, decitabine, guadecitabine, CC-486 or ASTX727 (decitabine/cedazuridine) or relapse or progression after any number of cycles
* CMML relapsed cohort (Cohort B): CMML 1 or 2 with no response after 6 cycles of azacitidine, decitabine, guadecitabine, CC-486 or ASTX727 (decitabine/cedazuridine) or relapse or progression after any number of cycles
* MDS HMA-naïve cohort (Cohort C): MDS with Int-2 or High risk by IPSS and \>10% blasts OR diagnosis
* CMML HMA-naïve cohort (Cohort D): CMML-2; OR CMML-1 with at least one of the following high-risk features: extramedullary disease, splenomegaly of \>5cm below costal margin, platelets \<100x109/L, Hgb level \<10g/dL, WBC \>13x109/L, clonal cytogenetic abnormality (other than monosomy Y).
3. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of \</= 2
4. Creatinine clearance \> 30 ml/min no end/stage renal disease (using Cockcroft-Gault)
5. Adequate hepatic function with total bilirubin 2x ULN, AST or ALT 2.5 xULN unless deemed to be due to underlying disease involvement.
6. Willing to adhere to and comply with all prohibitions and restrictions specified in the protocol.
7. Patient must have signed an informed consent document indicating that the patient understands the purpose of and procedures required for the study and is willing to participate in the study.
8. White blood cell (WBC) count \<50,000/L. Hydroxyurea may be used to control leukocytosis prior to C1D1. Use of hydroxyurea beyond this point may be permitted as clinically indicated, on a case-by-case basis and after discussion with the PI.
9. English and non-English speaking patients will be allowed

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Uncontrolled infection not adequately responding to appropriate antibiotics
2. New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III or IV congestive heart failure or LVEF \<50% by echocardiogram or multigated acquisition (MUGA) scan.
3. History of myocardial infarction within the last 6 months or unstable/uncontrolled angina pectoris or history of severe and/or uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmias.
4. Female patients who are pregnant or lactating.
5. Patients with reproductive potential who are unwilling to following contraception requirements (including condom use for males with sexual partners, and for females: prescription oral contraceptives \[birth control pills\], contraceptive injections, intrauterine devices \[IUD\], double-barrier method \[spermidical jelly or foam with condoms or diaphragm\], contraceptive patch, or surgical sterilization) throughout the study.
6. Female patients with reproductive potential who do not have a negative urine or blood beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (beta HCG) pregnancy test at screening.
7. Patients receiving any other concurrent investigational agent or chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or immunotherapy.

Additional Trial Information

Phase 2

Enrollment: 60 patients (estimated)

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Published Results

Results of a Phase II Study of Cladribine, Low Dose Cytarabine and Venetoclax, Alternating with Azacitidine and Venetoclax in Patients with Higher Risk Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia or Myelodysplastic Syndromes

December 09, 2023

RESULTS: Between October 2022 and June 2023, 20 pts have been treated: 10, 5, 3 and 2 in cohorts A, B, C and D, respectively. Thirteen pts had MDS, and 7 had CMML. Median age was 74 years (range 52-83). Among MDS pts, 8 (62%) had int-2 and 5 (38%) had high risk by IPSS. By the Molecular IPSS, 10 (79%) had very high, 1 (8%) had high, 1 (8%) had moderate high and 1 (8%) had low risk. Among CMML pts, 4 (57%) had high, 2 (29%) had intermediate-2 and 1 (14%) had intermediate-1 risk by the CPSS Molecular score. Among HMA-F cohorts, median number of prior therapies was 1 (range 1-4), median cycles of prior HMA was 6 (range 2-63) and 4 (27%) pts had failure to prior venetoclax therapy.

Most common adverse events (AEs) were hypoalbuminemia (40%), nausea (40%), sinus bradycardia (40%), alanine aminotransferase increase (35%), constipation (35%), lower extremity edema (35%), fatigue (35%) and hypocalcemia (35%) Most common grade 3-4 AEs were leukopenia (20%) and febrile neutropenia (15%). The 4-week and 8-week cumulative incidences of mortality were 0%. Median number of cycles was 2 (range 1-6). Median cycles to best response was 1 (range 1-3). Among HMA naïve pts (cohorts C and D), the ORR was 80% (n=4): CR in 2 (40%), mCR in 2 (40%). Based on 2023 IWG response criteria, responses in cohort C (n=3) included: CR in 2 (67%) and CR bilineage (CRbi) in 1 (33%). Based on 2015 IWG MDS/MPN criteria, responses in cohort D (n=2) included optimal marrow response and clinical benefit in 1 (50%) and 1 (50%) pts, respectively. Among HMA-F pts (cohorts A and B) the ORR was 20%: 1 CR (10%) and 1 (10%) mCR with HI. Median follow up is 5.3 months (95% CI 2.4-81). Median EFS is 2.1 months in cohorts A and B and not reached in C and D (Fig 1A). Median OS has not been reached for all cohorts (Fig 1B). At the time of data cut-off, all pts in cohorts C and D discontinued study to proceed with hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT). Among cohorts A and B, 2 pts (13%) discontinued study to proceed with HSCT, 5 (33%) due to transformation to AML, 2 (13%) due to no response, 2 (13%) due to physician choice, 1 (7%) due to patient choice and 2 (13%) pts remain on study.

CONCLUSIONS: Preliminary data suggests the use of cladribine, LDAC and venetoclax can be safely administered in pts with very high risk MDS and CMML with early promising results in pts with de novo disease.

Trial Locations

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MD Anderson Cancer Center The University of Texas

Houston, TX

Open and Accepting
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