BCMA-Specific CAR T-Cells Combined With a Gamma Secretase Inhibitor (JSMD194) to Treat Relapsed or Persistent Multiple Myeloma


This phase I trial determines the side effects and best dose of B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA)-chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cells when combined with gamma-secretase inhibitor LY3039478 (JSMD194), cyclophosphamide, and fludarabine in treating participants with multiple myeloma that that has come back or remains despite treatment. Placing genes added in the laboratory into immune T-cells may make the T-cells recognize BCMA, a protein on the surface of cancer cells. JSMD194 may enhance the killing of cancer cells by increasing the BCMA expression on multiple myeloma cells, making the targeted BCMA CAR-T treatment more effective. JSMD194 also decreases the amount of BCMA found in the circulation (called soluble BCMA) that is not bound to the myeloma cells. JSMD194 can therefore reduce the potential for soluble BCMA to act as a decoy. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cyclophosphamide and fludarabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving BCMA CAR T therapy with JSMD194, cyclophosphamide, and fludarabine may work better in treating participants with relapsed or persistent multiple myeloma.

SparkCures ID 952
Trial Phase Phase 1
Enrollment 18 Patients
Trial Sponsors
  • Fred Hutchinson / University of Washington Cancer Consortium
Trial Collaborators
  • National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  • Juno Therapeutics, a Subsidiary of Celgene
NCT Identifier


Am I Eligible?

The following criteria is a partial list of reasons why patients may or may not be eligible to participate in this clinical trial. Further evaluation with a medical professional will be required to determine full eligibility.

The following criteria is provided for health care professionals.

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status score =< 2
  • Have measurable disease by International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG) criteria based on one or more of the following findings:
    • Serum monoclonal immunoglobulin (M-protein) >= 1 g/dL
    • Urine M-protein >= 200 mg/24 hour
    • Involved serum free light chain (sFLC) level >= 10 mg/dL with abnormal kappa/lambda ratio
    • Measurable biopsy-proven plasmacytomas (>= 1 lesion that has a single diameter >= 2 cm)
    • Bone marrow plasma cells >= 30%
  • Have a diagnosis of multiple myeloma (MM); the MM diagnosis must be confirmed by internal pathology review of a fresh biopsy specimen at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/Seattle Cancer Care Alliance (FHCRC/SCCA)
  • Have relapsed or treatment refractory disease with >= 10% CD138+ malignant plasma cells immunohistochemistry (IHC) on BM core biopsy, either:
    • Following autologous stem-cell transplantation (ASCT)
    • Or, if a patient has not yet undergone ASCT, the individual must:
      • Be transplant ineligible, due to age, comorbidity, patient choice, insurance reasons, concerns of rapidly progressive disease, and/or discretion of attending physician and principal investigator and,
      • Demonstrate disease that persists after > 4 cycles of induction therapy and that is double refractory (persistence/progression) after therapy with both a proteasome inhibitor (PI) and immunomodulatory drug (IMiD) administered either in tandem, or in sequence, or demonstrate intolerance to both classes of agents (IMiD and PI); > 4 cycles of therapy are not required for patients with a diagnosis of plasma cell leukemia
  • Male and female patients of reproductive potential must be willing to use an effect contraceptive method before, during, and for at least 4 months after the BCMA CAR T cell infusion

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of another primary malignancy that requires intervention beyond surveillance or that has not been in remission for at least 1 year (the following are exempt from the 1-year limit: non-melanoma skin cancer, curatively treated localized prostate cancer, curatively treated superficial bladder cancer and cervical carcinoma in situ on biopsy or a squamous intraepithelial lesion on PAP smear)
  • Active hepatitis B, hepatitis C at the time of screening
  • Patients who are human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seropositive
  • Subjects with uncontrolled active infection
  • > 1 hospital admission for infection in prior 6 months
  • Presence of acute or chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) unless limited to skin involvement and managed with topical steroid therapy alone
  • History of any one of the following cardiovascular conditions within the past 6 months: class III or IV heart failure as defined by the New York Heart Association (NYHA), cardiac angioplasty or stenting, myocardial infarction, unstable angina, or other clinically significant cardiac disease as determined by the principal investigator (PI) or designee
  • History of clinically relevant central nervous system (CNS) pathology such as epilepsy, seizure, paresis, aphasia, stroke, severe brain injuries, dementia, Parkinson's disease, cerebellar disease, organic brain syndrome, or psychosis, active central nervous system MM involvement and/or carcinomatous meningitis; subjects with previously treated central nervous systems involvement may participate, provided they are free of disease in the CNS (documented by flow cytometry performed on the cerebrospinal fluid [CSF] within 14 days of enrollment) and have no evidence of new sites of CNS activity
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding females
  • Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) or donor lymphocyte infusion within 90 days of leukapheresis
  • Use of any of the following:
    • Therapeutic doses of corticosteroids (defined as > 20 mg/day prednisone or equivalent) within 7 days prior to leukapheresis; physiologic replacement, topical, and inhaled steroids are permitted
    • Cytotoxic chemotherapeutic agents within 1 week of leukapheresis; oral chemotherapeutic agents are allowed if at least 3 half-lives have elapsed prior to leukapheresis
    • Lymphotoxic chemotherapeutic agents within 2 weeks of leukapheresis
    • Experimental agents within 4 weeks of leukapheresis unless progression is documented on therapy and at least 3 half-lives have elapsed prior to leukapheresis
    • Daratumumab (or other anti-CD38 therapy) within 30 days of leukapheresis
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) < 1000/mm^3, per PI discretion if cytopenia thought to be related to underlying myeloma
  • Hemoglobin (Hgb) < 8 mg/dl, per PI discretion if cytopenia thought to be related to underlying myeloma
  • Platelet count < 50,000/mm^3, per PI discretion if cytopenia thought to be related to underlying myeloma
  • Active autoimmune disease requiring immunosuppressive therapy
  • Creatinine clearance < 20 ml/min
  • Significant hepatic dysfunction (serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT] > 5x upper limit of normal; bilirubin > 3.0 mg/dL)
  • Forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) of < 50% predicted or carbon monoxide diffusing capacity (DLCO) (corrected) < 40% (patients with clinically significant pulmonary dysfunction, as determined by medical history and physical exam should undergo pulmonary function testing)
  • Anticipated survival of < 3 months
  • Contraindication to cyclophosphamide or fludarabine chemotherapy
  • Patients with known amyloidosis (AL) subtype amyloidosis
  • Uncontrolled medical, psychological, familial, sociological, or geographical conditions that do not permit compliance with the protocol, as judged by the investigator; or unwillingness or inability to follow the procedures required in the protocol
  • Documented malabsorptive syndromes including enteropathies, gastroenteritis (acute or chronic) or diarrhea (acute or chronic)

US Trial Locations

Not Currently Accepting Patients

The following is a listing of trial locations that are not currently open and accepting patients.

Published Results

Safety and Efficacy of Fully Human BCMA CAR T Cells in Combination with a Gamma Secretase Inhibitor to Increase BCMA Surface Expression in Patients with Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

December 12, 2021

From June 2018 to March 2021, 18 patients underwent leukapheresis, run-in with JSMD194, and treatment with BCMA CAR T cells. The median age was 65 years, and patients had received a median of 10 prior lines of therapy (range, 4-19). 67% of patients were refractory to lenalidomide, pomalidomide, bortezomib, carfilzomib, and daratumumab, 72% had high-risk cytogenetic features, and 28% had extramedullary disease. 7/18 (39%) had prior BCMA targeted therapy; other BCMA targeted CAR T cell products had previously been administered to 4/18 patients (22%). All 18 treated patients completed the 5-day run-in with JSMD194. After three oral doses of GSI, increased from a median of 610 to 9563 receptors per cell, or a median of 12-fold (range, 0.2-fold to 157-fold; Figure 1). The only patient that did not demonstrate an increase in BCMA ABC after GSI run-in had previously received BCMA targeted therapy and BCMA expression at screening was virtually absent. 5 patients were treated at 5x107 CAR+ cells, 3 were treated at 15x107 CAR+ cells, 3 were treated at 30x107 CAR+ cells, and 7 were treated at 45x107 CAR+ cells dose levels. Treatment was consistent with other BCMA CAR T therapy, with manageable toxicities. One patient experienced a DLT. 95% of patients experienced cytokine release syndrome (CRS), mostly grade 1-2 (83%), and 66% of patients experienced ICANS, predominantly grades 1-2. The overall response rate was 89%, with 14 patients achieving ≥ VGPR, and 8 patients achieving CR (including 5 with sCR). Deep responses were observed at all dose levels; including the first patient treated on trial at (dose level 1) who has maintained a stringent CR (sCR) for over 35 months and 3 of 5 patients at dose level 1 had no evidence of progressive disease for >18 months. With a median follow-up of 20 months, the median PFS is 11 months (95% CI, 6 mos to not reached). Amongst patients without prior exposure to BCMA targeted therapy (n=11), the median PFS has not been reached, while amongst those previously exposed to BCMA targeted therapy (n=7), the median PFS was 2 months.

Efficacy and Safety of Fully Human Bcma CAR T Cells in Combination with a Gamma Secretase Inhibitor to Increase Bcma Surface Expression in Patients with Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

December 07, 2019

  • Eight patients, with a median age of 64.5 (range, 50-70 years) and a median of 10 prior regimens (range, 4-23), were screened, and seven patients have been treated.
  • High-risk features were present in 75% of patients
  • Following 3 oral doses (run in) of JSMD194, the percent of plasma cells expressing BCMA increased from 75% to 99% (7.6 to 98% pre, 75 to 100% post), soluble BCMA decreased by 2.0 fold (range 1.6 to 2.6 fold) after 3 oral doses, and BCMA antigen binding capacity increased from a median of 718 receptors to 13355 receptors per cell, or a median of 20-fold (range, 7.55-fold to 156.68-fold).
  • Among 6 assessable patients, the best overall response rate was 100% (5 VGPR, 1 PR), with 5/6 patients MRD negative by flow. At data cutoff of July 15, 2019, no patient has relapsed, with a median follow-up of 5 months (range 1-11 months).


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