Personalized NK Cell Therapy After Chemotherapy and Cord Blood Transplant in Treating Patients With Myelodysplastic Syndrome, Leukemia, Lymphoma or Multiple Myeloma PERSONALIZED NATURAL KILLER CELL THERAPY

What's the purpose of this trial?

This phase II clinical trial studies how well personalized natural killer (NK) cell therapy works after chemotherapy and umbilical cord blood transplant in treating patients with myelodysplastic syndrome, leukemia, lymphoma or multiple myeloma.

This trial is currently open and accepting patients.

What will happen during the trial?


I. Progression-free survival (PFS) time.


I. Overall survival (OS) time. II. Transplant related mortality (TRM). III. Graft versus host disease (GVHD). IV. Infection

OUTLINE: Patients are assigned to 1 of 3 preparative regimens.

MYELOABLATIVE REGIMEN 1: Patients receive anti-thymocyte globulin intravenously (IV) over 4 hours on days -9 and -8, fludarabine phosphate IV over 1 hour, clofarabine IV over 1 hour, and busulfan IV over 3 hours on days -7 to -4. Patients undergo total body irradiation (TBI) on day -3.

NON-MYELOABLATIVE REGIMEN 2: Patients with cluster of differentiation (CD)20 positive malignancies receive rituximab IV over 6 hours on day -9. Patients receive anti-thymocyte globulin IV over 4 hours on days -8 and -7, fludarabine phosphate IV over 1 hour on days -6 to -3, and cyclophosphamide IV over 3 hours on day -6 and undergo TBI on day -1 at the discretion of the investigator(s).

REDUCED INTENSITY REGIMEN 3: Patients receive anti-thymocyte globulin IV over 4 hours on days -7 and -6, fludarabine phosphate IV over 1 hour on days -5 to -2, and melphalan IV over 30 minutes on day -2.

UMBILICAL CORD BLOOD TRANSPLANT: Patients undergo umbilical cord blood transplantation on day 0.

NK CELLS INFUSION: Patients receive NK cells IV over 30 minutes between days 30-180.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 1, 7, 14, 28, 45, 60, and 100 days, and at 6, 9, and 12 months, and then yearly for up to 4 years.

You may be able to join this trial if you:

The following criteria is a partial list of reasons why patients may be eligible to participate in this clinical trial. Further evaluation with a medical professional is required.

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have one of the following hematologic malignancies: acute myelogenous leukemia (AML), induction failure, high-risk for relapse first remission (with intermediate-risk or high-risk cytogenetics including complex karyotype, abnormal [abn][3q], -5/5q-, -7/7q-, abn[12p], abn[17p], myeloid/lymphoid or mixed-lineage leukemia [MLL] gene re-arrangement and t [6;9]47, fms related tyrosine kinase 3 [flt3] mutation positive and/or evidence of minimal residual disease by flow cytometry), secondary leukemia from prior chemotherapy and/or arising from myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), any disease beyond first remission
  • Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS): Primary or therapy related, including patients that will be considered for transplant; these include any of the following categories: 1) revised International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) intermediate and high risk groups, 2) malondialdehyde (MDA) with transfusion dependency, 3) failure to respond or progression of disease on hypomethylating agents, 4) refractory anemia with excess of blasts, 5) transformation to acute leukemia, 6) chronic myelomonocytic leukemia, 7) atypical MDS/myeloproliferative syndromes, 8) complex karyotype, abn(3g), -5/5g-, -7/7g-, abn(12p), abn(17p)
  • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL): Induction failure, primary refractory to treatment (do not achieve complete remission after first course of therapy) or are beyond first remission including second or greater remission or active disease; patients in first remission are eligible if they are considered high risk, defined as any of the following detected at any time: with translocations 9;22 or 4;11, hypodiploidy, complex karyotype, secondary leukemia developing after cytotoxic drug exposure, and/or evidence of minimal residual disease or acute biphenotypic leukemia, or double hit non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
  • Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) in second or third complete remission, or relapse (including relapse post autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplant); relapsed double hit lymphomas; patients with options for treatment that are known to be curative are not eligible
  • Small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL), or chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) with progressive disease following a minimum of two lines of standard therapy
  • Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) second chronic phase or accelerated phase
  • Hodgkin's disease (HD): Induction failures, after first complete remission, or relapse (including relapse post autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplant), or those with active disease
  • Multiple myeloma: stage II or III, symptomatic, secretory multiple myeloma requiring treatment
  • A person (such as a haploidentical family member) or unit of cord blood must be identified as a source of back-up cells source in case of engraftment failure
  • Patient age criteria: age >= 15 and =< 45 years (myeloablative regimen 1; age >= 15 and =< 80 years (nonmyeloablative regimen 2) at the discretion of the investigator(s); age >= 15 and =< 80 years old that in the opinion of the investigator(s) would preclude myeloablative therapy may receive reduced intensity regimen 3
  • Performance score of at least 60% by Karnofsky
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction of at least 40% (myeloablative regimen 1, reduced intensity regimen 3)
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction of at least 30% (nonmyeloablative regimen 2)
  • Pulmonary function test (PFT) demonstrating an adjusted diffusion capacity of least 50% predicted value for hemoglobin concentration (myeloablative regimen 1, reduced intensity regimen 3)
  • Serum creatinine within normal range, or if serum creatinine outside normal range, then renal function (measured or estimated creatinine clearance or glomerular filtration rate [GFR]) > 40mL/min/1.73 m^2
  • Serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT)/bilirubin < to 2.0 x normal (myeloablative regimen 1), reduced intensity regimen 3; SGPT/bilirubin < to 4.0 x normal (nonmyeloablative regimen 2)
  • Negative beta human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) test in a woman with child bearing potential defined as not post-menopausal for 12 months
  • Patients with options for treatment that are known to be curative are not eligible
  • Patients enrolled in this study may be enrolled on other supportive care investigational new drug (IND) studies at the discretion of the principal investigator (PI)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive; HIV results will be determined by nucleic acid testing
  • Uncontrolled serious medical condition such as persistent septicemia despite adequate antibiotic therapy, decompensated congestive heart failure despite cardiac medications or pulmonary insufficiency requiring intubation (excluding primary disease for which cord blood [CB] transplantation is proposed), or psychiatric condition that would limit informed consent
  • Active central nervous system (CNS) disease in patient with history of CNS malignancy
  • Availability of appropriate, willing, human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched related stem cell donor

Additional Trial Information

Phase 2

Enrollment: 100 patients (estimated)

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Trial Locations

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MD Anderson Cancer Center The University of Texas

Houston, TX

Open and Accepting
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