The ABNL-MARRO 001 Study: A Phase 1/2 Study of Active Myeloid Target Compound Combinations in MDS/MPN Overlap Syndromes. ABNL-MARRO

What's the purpose of this trial?

ABNL-MARRO (A Basket study of Novel therapy for untreated MDS/MPN and Relapsed/Refractory Overlap Syndromes) is an international European-American cooperation providing the framework for collaborative studies to advance treatment of myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasms (MDS/MPN) and explore clinical-pathologic markers of disease severity, prognosis and treatment response. ABNL MARRO 001 (AM-001) is an Open label, phase 1/2 study within the framework of the ABNL-MARRO that will test novel treatment combinations in MDS/MPN. Each Arm of AM-001 will test an active myeloid target compound in combination with ASTX727, an oral drug combining fixed doses of the DNA methyltransferase inhibitor (DNMTi) decitabine and the cytidine deaminase inhibitor E7727, also known as cedazuridine in a single tablet.

This trial is currently open and accepting patients.

What will happen during the trial?

You may be able to join this trial if you:

The following criteria is a partial list of reasons why patients may be eligible to participate in this clinical trial. Further evaluation with a medical professional is required.

Inclusion Criteria:

* Must be ≥ 18 years of age at the time of signing the Informed Consent Form (ICF); must voluntarily sign an ICF; and must be willing and able to meet all study requirements.
* Must have morphologically confirmed diagnosis of MDS/MPN, excluding JMML, in accordance with WHO (2016) diagnostic criteria.
* Treatment-naïve patients (patients who have had no prior disease-modifying therapy) may enroll in any AM-001 Arm that is open to accrual in phase 1 or phase 2. Treatment-naïve patients may have received recombinant erythropoietin, danazol, hydroxyurea or anagrelide, which are not considered to be disease-modifying therapy for the purpose of this study.
* After an appropriate wash-out period, patients who have failed (or were intolerant to) prior therapy with a regimen(s) containing a DNMTi may enroll in any Arm in phase 1b or any Arm which has met the criterion of the first Simon's Stage and are open to accrual in the second Simon's Stage in phase 2. Except in the first stage of the phase 2, there are no limits on number of prior therapies if the patient meets all other eligibility criteria. Previously treated patients include:

* Patients treated with DNMTi therapy prior to enrollment in AM-001 who failed to achieve a complete remission, per the MDS/MPN IWG response criteria, after at least 4 cycles of DNMTi therapy
* ;Patients enrolled in AM-001, or patients treated off-study with a regimen containing a DNMTi, who have definitive disease progression as defined in the protocol after at least 2 cycles of the prior therapy-this includes patients who fail to achieve a response with clearly progressive disease and patients who achieve an initial response who then lose that response;
* Patients enrolled in AM-001 who have stable disease as best response at the second response evaluation after 6 cycles of the prior AM-001 therapy;
* Patients treated on AM-001 who had and recovered from an adverse event that precludes further therapy on that Arm; after recovery from a toxicity that is likely to be related to ASTX727, enrollment in another AM-001 may occur provided that dose modifications are made as appropriate.
* Must be willing to undergo bone marrow biopsy with aspiration during screening and bone marrow aspiration with tissue collection for disease assessment and correlative studies periodically throughout the trial.
* Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0, 1 or 2.
* Life expectancy of at least 3 months, as assessed by the treating physician.
* For previously treated patients, recovery to ≤ Grade 1 or baseline of any toxicities due to prior systemic treatments, excluding alopecia.
* Must have adequate hepatic and renal function during screening as demonstrated by:

* ALT (SGPT) and AST (SGOT) ≤ 3x the institutional upper limit of normal (ULN);
* Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5x ULN or ≤ 2x ULN, if upon judgment of the treating investigator the elevated bilirubin is due to extramedullary hematopoiesis related to the underlying MDS/MPN or to Gilbert's disease;
* Creatinine \< 1.5x ULN or estimated creatinine clearance (eCCR) \>/=40 ml/min/1.73m2 eCCR may be calculated using the standard institutional formula.

Exclusion Criteria:

* Patients should be excluded from any treatment Arm that includes a novel targeted agent to which they have had previous exposure. Novel targeted agents in this study include itacitinib (INCB039110) only, currently. Patients who have had prior exposure to ASTX727 therapy are not excluded, provided they meet all other eligibility criteria.
* Prior receipt of any investigational study drug, including treatment on any prior AM-001 Arm, within 30 days or 5 half-lives (whichever is shorter) before receiving the first dose of study drug in an Arm of AM-001, except if approved by the medical monitor.
* Prior receipt of any systemic antineoplastic therapy, including but not limited to prior DNMTi therapy, standard induction or cytotoxic chemotherapy (excluding hydroxyurea), or approved targeted agent within 21 days or 5 half-lives (whichever is shorter) before receiving the first dose of study drug in an Arm of AM-001.
* Known hypersensitivity to decitabine.
* Transformation to acute myeloid leukemia (e.g. \>20% myeloid blasts in bone marrow or \>20% circulating blasts in peripheral blood).
* Organ transplant recipients including allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT).
* History of clinically significant or uncontrolled cardiac disease, including recent history (within 6 months) of unstable angina, acute myocardial infarction, New York Heart Association Class III or IV congestive heart failure, or clinically significant arrhythmia. Patients with history of atrial tachycardia and/or bradycardia that is well-controlled with medical management and/or pacemaker for at least 1 month before the first dose of study drug will be allowed.
* History of abnormal electrocardiogram (ECG) or presence of abnormal screening ECG that, in the investigator's opinion, is clinically significant and contraindicated for clinical study. Corrected QT interval (QTc), as corrected by Fredericia, on screening EKG \>500 milliseconds is excluded, unless there is concomitant right bundle branch block (RBBB) or concomitant left bundle branch block (LBBB) with a pacemaker.
* Any known contraindications to the use of ASTX727.
* Any sign of active and clinically significant bleeding.
* Other active malignancy, not including localized non-melanoma skin cancer, cervical carcinoma in situ, breast ductal carcinoma in situ of the breast, or localized prostate cancer controlled with hormone therapy. Patients with history of other cancers should be free of disease without ongoing anti-neoplastic therapy for at least 2 years.
* Receipt of wide-field radiotherapy (including therapeutic radioisotopes) ≤ 28 days or limited field radiation for palliation ≤ 14 days prior to starting study medications; or has not recovered from side effects of such therapy.
* Patients who require continuation of a prohibited concomitant medication for which no alternative therapy or allowable substitute is available.
* Active, uncontrolled infection. Patients with infection that is under control with active treatment are eligible.
* Major surgery requiring general anesthesia within 4 weeks prior to starting study treatment.(Placement of a central line or port-a-catheter is acceptable within this time frame and does not exclude the patient.)
* Women who are pregnant or lactating.
* Subjects who expect to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the study and/or who are unwilling to use highly effective methods of contraception throughout the duration of the study, starting with the screening visit through the end of treatment visit. For women of child-bearing potential (WOCBP), a negative urine pregnancy test at screening and immediately prior to initiating treatment on any AM-001 treatment Arm (Cycle 1 Day 1) is required.
* Any concurrent serious or unstable medical or psychiatric condition that in the investigator's opinion would jeopardize the patient's ability to provide informed consent or to comply with the protocol.
* Any psychological, familial, geographical or sociological condition that in the investigator's opinion would jeopardize the patient's ability to comply with the protocol.

Additional Trial Information

Phase 1/2

Enrollment: 105 patients (estimated)

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Published Results

Preliminary Results from a Phase 1b Dose De-Escalation Stage of Abnl-Marro 001: An International MDS/MPN Working Group Study

December 09, 2023


Seven patients were enrolled with a median age 75 (range 32-82) years with newly diagnosed (4 pts) or R/R (3 pts) MDS/MPN. Three patients had CMML, 2 had MDS/MPN-U, and 2 had refractory MDS/MPN RST. One patient was not DLT evaluable given severe disease-induced cytopenia, and was not included in the assessment (patient 4 in Figure 1b). The majority of pts experienced a treatment-emergent adverse event (TEAE) of any grade; the most common (≥30% of pts) were thrombocytopenia (50%), neutropenia (30%), and constipation (30%); 50% of pts experienced a Grade ≥3 TEAE; the most common was neutropenia (30%). No DLTs were reported, and these AEs were consistent with what has been reported in the use of ASTX727 (Savona et al. Blood. 2022). One patient achieved a CR, and two additional patients had the best overall response of optimal marrow response after receiving 6 cycles of treatment. All patients are alive with a median follow-up of 12 months (range 6-17 months). The clinical responses and time-on-treatment of all pts in phase 1b are summarized in Figure 1b.


Based on the preliminary results of the phase 1b study, the dosing schedule of 35 mg DEC / 100 mg CED daily for 5 days in combination with itacitinib 300 mg daily for 28 days was selected as the RP2D as it balanced clinical efficacy with an acceptable and manageable safety profile. This regimen and dose are being utilized in a 28-day cycle in the ongoing global, multi-center phase 2 study (NCT04061421).

Trial Locations

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Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center Henry-Joyce Cancer Clinic

Nashville, TN

Open and Accepting
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