Phase II Investigator Sponsored Study of CPX-351 in Combination With Ivosidenib for Patients With IDH1 Mutated Acute Myeloid Leukemia or High-Risk MDS CPX-351 PLUS IVOSIDENIB

What's the purpose of this trial?

This phase II trial investigates how well CPX-351 and ivosidenib work in treating patients with acute myeloid leukemia or high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome that has IDH1 mutation. The safety of this drug combination will also be studied. IDH1 is a type of genetic mutation (change). Chemotherapy drugs, such as CPX-351, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Ivosidenib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. The purpose of this trial is to learn if CPX-351 in combination with ivosidenib can help to control IDH1-mutated acute myeloid leukemia or high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome.

This trial is currently open and accepting patients.

What will happen during the trial?

You may be able to join this trial if you:

The following criteria is a partial list of reasons why patients may be eligible to participate in this clinical trial. Further evaluation with a medical professional is required.

Inclusion Criteria:

* Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of =\< 2
* IDH1-R132 mutated disease status as assessed by local laboratory. 2HG-producing IDH1 variants outside of R132 (i.e. R100) may be eligible after discussion with the principal investigator (PI)
* Treatment naive or relapsed/refractory AML who are eligible for intensive chemotherapy. Patients with high-risk MDS or MPN (defined as \>= 10% bone marrow blasts, or intermediate or high risk by International Prognostic Scoring System \[IPSS\], revised \[R\]-IPSS or dynamic \[D\]-IPSS) may also be eligible after discussion with the PI
* Direct bilirubin =\< 2 x upper limit of normal (ULN) unless deemed to be related to underlying leukemia
* Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and/or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =\< 3 x ULN unless deemed to be related to underlying leukemia
* Creatinine clearance \>= 30 ml/min based on the Cockcroft-Gault equation
* Willing and able to provide informed consent
* In the absence of rapidly proliferative disease, the interval from prior treatment to time of initiation will be at least 7 days for cytotoxic or non-cytotoxic (immunotherapy) agents
* Male subjects must agree to refrain from unprotected sex and sperm donation from initial study drug administration until 90 days after the last dose of study drug

Exclusion Criteria:

* Patients who have previously received either ivosidenib or CPX-351
* Patients with any concurrent uncontrolled clinically significant medical condition including infection, laboratory abnormality, or psychiatric illness, which could place the patient at unacceptable risk of study treatment
* The use of other chemotherapeutic agents or anti-leukemic agents is not permitted during study with the following exceptions (1) intrathecal chemotherapy for prophylactic use or for controlled central nervous system (CNS) leukemia. (2) use of hydroxyurea, and/or cytarabine (1 or 2 doses; up to 2 g/m\^2) for patients with rapidly proliferative disease is allowed before the start of study therapy
* Patients with active graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD) status post stem cell transplant (patients without active GVHD on chronic suppressive immunosuppression and/or phototherapy for chronic skin GVHD are permitted after discussion with the PI)
* Patients with any severe gastrointestinal or metabolic condition which could interfere with the absorption of oral study medications
* Patients with symptomatic congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association \[NYHA\] class III or IV), unstable angina, or an ejection fraction \< 45%
* Patients with prior anthracycline exposure of \> 360 mg/m\^2 daunorubicin (or equivalent) or \> 210 mg/m\^2 daunorubicin (or equivalent) in patients with prior mediastinal radiation
* Corrected QT (QTc) interval using Fridericia's formula (QTcF) \>= 470 msec. A prolonged QTc interval in the setting of right bundle branch block is permitted after discussion with the PI
* Nursing women, women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) with positive urine or serum pregnancy test, or women of childbearing potential who are not willing to maintain adequate contraception

* Appropriate highly effective method(s) of contraception include oral or injectable hormonal birth control, intrauterine device (IUD), and double barrier methods (for example a condom in combination with a spermicide)
* Subjects with a known medical history of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML)
* Subjects taking strong CYP3A4 inducers are excluded from the study unless they can be transferred to other medications within \>= 5 half lives prior to dosing
* Patients with a diagnosis of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL)
* Unresolved toxicities \> grade 1 from prior treatment including chemotherapy, targeted therapy, immunotherapy, experimental agents, radiation, or surgery

Additional Trial Information

Phase 2

Enrollment: 30 patients (estimated)

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MD Anderson Cancer Center The University of Texas

Houston, TX

Open and Accepting
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