A Phase 1 and Pharmacokinetic Study of Uproleselan (GMI-1271, NSC #801708) in Combination With Fludarabine and Cytarabine for Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia Myelodysplastic Syndrome or Mixed Phenotype Acute Leukemia That Expresses E-Selectin Ligand on the Cell Membrane and is in Second or Greater Relapse or That is Refractory to Relapse Therapy

What's the purpose of this trial?

This phase I trial tests the safety, side effects, and best dose of uproleselan in combination with fludarabine and cytarabine in treating patients with acute myeloid leukemia, myelodysplastic syndrome or mixed phenotype acute leukemia that has come back (relapsed) or does not respond to treatment (refractory) and that expresses E-selectin ligand on the cell membrane. Uproleselan binds to E-selectin expressed on endothelial cells of the bone marrow and prevents their interaction with selectin-E ligand-expressing cancer cells. This may prevent leukemia cells from being sequestered in the bone marrow niche and escaping the effect of chemotherapy. Chemotherapy drugs, such as fludarabine and cytarabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving uproleselan in combination with fludarabine and cytarabine may enhance their activity.

This trial is currently open and accepting patients.

What will happen during the trial?

You may be able to join this trial if you:

The following criteria is a partial list of reasons why patients may be eligible to participate in this clinical trial. Further evaluation with a medical professional is required.

Inclusion Criteria:

* Patient must be enrolled on APAL2020SC (NCT04726241)
* Patients must be \< 18 years of age at the time of study enrollment
* Patients, with or without Down syndrome (DS), and with de novo acute myeloid leukemia, therapy-related acute myeloid leukemia, myelodysplastic syndrome or mixed phenotype acute leukemia that expresses E-selectin ligand on the cell membrane according to APAL2020SC screening results and meet one of the following:

* Second or greater relapse or refractory AML as defined below, including isolated extramedullary disease (EMD), but excluding isolated central nervous system (CNS) or isolated testicular disease
* Second or greater relapse or refractory myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)
* Second or greater relapse or refractory mixed phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL)
* Bone marrow relapse: (patients must meet one of the following criteria to be defined as having relapse disease)

* A single bone marrow sample showing \>= 5% leukemic blasts by flow cytometry performed at the central laboratory, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) testing or other molecular method
* A single bone marrow with at least two tests showing \>= 1% leukemic blasts; examples of tests include:

* Flow cytometry showing leukemia \>= 1% by multidimensional flow cytometry (MDF) performed at the central laboratory (performed at Hematologics Inc. through the screening study APAL2020SC)
* Karyotypic abnormality with at least one metaphase similar or identical to diagnosis
* FISH abnormality identical to one present at diagnosis
* Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) or next generation sequencing (NGS)-based demonstration of leukemogenic lesion identical to diagnosis and \>= 1%
* In cases where a bone marrow aspirate cannot be obtained because of extensive fibrosis, blast count can be obtained from touch imprints or estimated from an adequate bone marrow core biopsy. A complete blood count documenting the presence of at least 1,000/ uL (i.e., a white blood count \[WBC\] count \>= 10,000/uL with \>= 10% blasts or a WBC count of \>= 5,000/uL with \>= 20% blasts) circulating leukemic cells (blasts) can also be used if a bone marrow aspirate or biopsy cannot be performed
* Extramedullary relapse: Biopsy proven extramedullary disease after documented complete remission
* Refractory disease: Following a re-induction cycle after a second relapse, presence of ≥1% leukemic blasts by flow cytometry performed at the central laboratory (performed only at Hematologics through the screening study APAL2020SC), OR there is persistent extramedullary disease
* Patient's current disease state must be one for which there is no known curative therapy or therapy proven to prolong survival with an acceptable quality of life
* Karnofsky \>= 50 for patients \> 16 years of age and Lansky \>= 50 for patients =\< 16 years of age. Patients must have a performance status corresponding to Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) scores of 0, 1 or 2. Use Karnofsky for patients \> 16 years of age and Lansky for patients =\< 16 years of age
* Patients must have fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior anti-cancer therapy and must meet the following minimum duration from prior anti-cancer directed therapy prior to enrollment. If after the required timeframe, the numerical eligibility criteria are met, e.g., blood count criteria, the patient is considered to have recovered adequately

* Cytotoxic chemotherapy or other anti-cancer agents known to be myelosuppressive:

* \>= 14 days must have elapsed after the completion of other cytotoxic therapy, with the exception of hydroxyurea
* NOTE: Cytoreduction with hydroxyurea must be discontinued \>= 24 hours prior to the start of protocol therapy
* Anti-cancer agents not known to be myelosuppressive (e.g., not associated with reduced platelet or absolute neutrophil count \[ANC\] counts): \>= 7 days after the last dose of agent
* Antibodies: \>= 21 days must have elapsed from infusion of last dose of antibody, and toxicity related to prior antibody therapy must be recovered to grade =\< 1
* Corticosteroids: If used to modify immune adverse events related to prior therapy, \>= 14 days must have elapsed since last dose of corticosteroid
* Hematopoietic growth factors: \>= 14 days after the last dose of a long-acting growth factor (eg. pegfilgrastim) or 7 days for short acting growth factor. For agents that have known adverse events occurring beyond 7 days after administration, this period must be extended beyond the time during which adverse events are known to occur
* Interleukins, interferons and cytokines (other than hematopoietic growth factors): \>= 21 days after the completion of interleukins, interferon or cytokines (other than hematopoietic growth factors)
* Stem cell Infusions (with or without total-body irradiation \[TBI\]):

* Allogeneic (non-autologous) bone marrow or stem cell transplant, or any stem cell infusion including donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) or boost infusion: \>= 84 days after infusion and no evidence of graft versus host disease (GVHD)
* Autologous stem cell infusion including boost infusion: \>= 30 days
* Cellular Therapy: \>= 30 days after the completion of any type of cellular therapy (eg, modified T cells, natural killer \[NK\] cells, dendritic cells, etc.)
* External beam radiation therapy (XRT)/External Beam Irradiation including protons: \>= 14 days after local XRT; \>= 150 days after TBI, craniospinal XRT or if radiation to \>= 50% of the pelvis; \>= 42 days if other substantial bone marrow (BM) radiation
* Patients must not have received prior exposure to uproleselan (GMI-1271). NOTE: Prior therapy with fludarabine and/or cytarabine is permitted
* For patients with leukemia:

* Platelet count \>= 25,000/uL (may receive platelet transfusions)
* Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) \>= 70 mL/min/1.73 m\^2 or a creatinine based on age/gender as follows:

* Age: 1 month to \< 6 months; Maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): 0.4 (male); 0.4 (female)
* Age: 6 months to \< 1 year; Maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): 0.5 (male); 0.5 (female)
* Age: 1 to \< 2 years; Maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): 0.6 (male); 0.6 (female)
* Age: 2 to \< 6 years; Maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): 0.8 (male); 0.8 (female)
* Age: 6 to \< 10 years; Maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): 1 (male); 1 (female)
* Age: 10 to \< 13 years; Maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): 1.2 (male); 1.2 (female)
* Age: 13 to \< 16 years; Maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): 1.5 (male); 1.4 (female)
* Age: \>= 16 years; Maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): 1.7 (male); 1.4 (female)
* Bilirubin (sum of conjugated + unconjugated) =\< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age
* Serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase \[ALT\]) =\< 225 U/L. For the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT is 45 U/L
* Albumin \>= 2 g/dL
* Shortening fraction of \>= 27% by echocardiogram, or ejection fraction of \>= 50% by gated radionuclide study

Exclusion Criteria:

* Patients with any of the following diagnoses

* Patients with isolated or refractory central nervous system (CNS) disease or isolated or refractory testicular relapse
* Patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL)
* Patients with juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML)
* Patients with a known congenital bone marrow failure syndrome
* Pregnant or breast-feeding women will not be entered on this study due to risks of fetal and teratogenic adverse events as seen in animal/human studies, OR because there is yet no available information regarding human fetal or teratogenic toxicities. Pregnancy tests must be obtained in girls who are post-menarchal. Males or females of reproductive potential may not participate unless they have agreed to use two effective methods of birth control, including a medically accepted barrier or contraceptive method (e.g., male or female condom) for the duration of the study and for 3 months after the last dose of uproleselan (GMI-1271). Abstinence is an acceptable method of birth control
* Patients receiving corticosteroids who have not been on a stable or decreasing dose of corticosteroid for at least 7 days prior to enrollment are not eligible. If used to modify immune adverse events related to prior therapy, \>= 14 days must have elapsed since last dose of corticosteroid
* Patients who are currently receiving another investigational drug are not eligible
* Patients who are currently receiving other anti-cancer agents are not eligible except patients receiving hydroxyurea, which may be continued until 24 hours prior to start of protocol therapy
* Patients who are receiving cyclosporine, tacrolimus or other agents to prevent graft-versus-host disease post bone marrow transplant are not eligible for this trial
* Patients who have an uncontrolled infection are not eligible
* Patients who have received a prior solid organ transplantation are not eligible
* Patients who in the opinion of the investigator may not be able to comply with the safety monitoring requirements of the study are not eligible

Additional Trial Information

Phase 1

Enrollment: 18 patients (estimated)

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Trial Locations

All Trial Locations

View all clinical trial locations sorted by state.


Children's of Alabama

Birmingham, AL

Open and Accepting


Children's Hospital Orange County

Orange, CA

Open and Accepting


The Children's Hospital of Colorado

Aurora, CO

Open and Accepting


IU Simon Cancer Center Indiana University

Indianapolis, IN

Open and Accepting


University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center Rogel Cancer Center

Ann Arbor, MI

Open and Accepting


University of Minnesota - Masonic Cancer Center University of Minnesota

Minneapolis, MN

Open and Accepting


Washington University School of Medicine

Saint Louis, MO

Open and Accepting

New York

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

New York, NY

Open and Accepting


Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Philadelphia, PA

Open and Accepting

UPMC Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh

Pittsburgh, PA

Open and Accepting


St. Jude Children's Research Center

Memphis, TN

Open and Accepting


Baylor College of Medicine - Dan L. Duncan Comprehensive Cancer Center

Houston, TX

Open and Accepting

Washington, D.C.

Children's National Medical Center

Washington, DC

Open and Accepting
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