This study is being done because, despite major advances in therapy, MM is still considered an incurable disease. The purpose of this study is to determine the efficacy (how well it works) of the study treatment that combines the following drugs: daratumumab, carfilzomib, lenalidomide, dexamethasone in subjects who have a recent diagnosis of multiple myeloma (MM). Normal plasma (blood) cells are found in the bone marrow and are an important part of the immune system. MM is a cancer formed by malignant (cancerous) plasma cells. Daratumumab, one of the study drugs, is a man-made protein that works with your immune system by attaching itself to the cancerous cells. Once daratumumab attaches itself to these cells, it gets your body's immune system to attack and destroy the MM cells. Daratumumab has shown to be effective in subjects with MM when combined with medicines like bortezomib, or lenalidomide + dexamethasone.
This single arm, two-stage, open-label Phase II study is designed with the primary objective of evaluating the efficacy of induction therapy comprised of 8 cycles of carfilzomib, lenalidomide, dexamethasone and daratumumab (KRd+daratumumab) in terms of complete response or better (CR) in subjects with NDMM, and comparing to relevant historical controls. Post induction, all subjects will undergo disease evaluation, including assessment of minimal residual disease (MRD). Post-induction disease evaluation will be followed by an MRD-based treatment algorithm. This trial will allow us to gather preliminary data on use of MRD status to direct post-induction therapy.
The following criteria is a partial list of reasons why patients may or may not be eligible to participate in this clinical trial. Further evaluation with a medical professional will be required to determine full eligibility.
The following criteria is provided for health care professionals.
Subject must meet all of the following applicable inclusion criteria to participate in this study:
Measurable disease present at baseline assessments. Baseline disease assessments are defined as disease assessments collected within 28 days of initiation of the first pre-study induction cycle (subjects who received prior therapy) or within 28 days prior to day 1 of study treatment (subjects with no prior therapy). Measurable disease is defined as:
Demonstrate adequate organ function within 1 week of day 1 of treatment as defined in the table below:
Serum creatinine OR Creatinine clearance : ≤ 1.5 × upper limit of normal (ULN) OR
≥ 30 mL/min as measured by a 24-hour urine collection or estimated by the Cockcroft - Gault formula ( See formula in Appendix B, Section 18.2 )
FCBP must be willing to use a highly effective contraceptive method (i.e., achieves a failure rate of <1% per year when used consistently and correctly) plus a second contraceptive method (considered acceptable [failure rate of >1% per year] or highly effective) from the time of informed consent until 3 months after the last protocol prescribed therapy (which also includes FCBP on carfilzomib) has been discontinued. NOTE: estrogens may further increase the risk of thrombosis (beyond that associated with lenalidomide) and their use should be based on a benefit-risk decision. For the highly effective contraceptive method, a method with low user dependency is preferable but not required (see tables, adapted from: http://www.hma.eu/fileadmin/dateien/Human_Medicines/01-About_HMA/Working_Groups/CTFG/2014_09_HMA_CTFG_Contraception.pdf)
Highly Effective Birth Control Methods:
combined (estrogen and progestogen containing) hormonal contraception associated with inhibition of ovulation
progestogen-only hormonal contraception associated with inhibition of ovulation
Acceptable Birth Control Methods:
Subjects meeting any of the criteria below may not participate in the study:
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